Pancreatic Tumors

Radiation Therapy Cancer

What Can You Expect From Your Radiation Therapy?

Radiation Therapy Cancer

Malignant tumors are known to spread all over the body. Hence they must be destroyed in order to prevent this. Radiation therapy is widely used for this purpose. Along with chemotherapy and other therapies, most of the cancer patients undergo radiation therapy. A method called ionizing radiation is used to kill the cancerous cells and to shrink the tumors. Different types of radiations therapies are used according to the patients needs. Some are used to destroy only a small area of cells while others are used to reach out to a larger area. Some are used to completely destroy a tumor while others to just reduce them down in size or make them inactive. They are used in combination with chemotherapy and surgery. Almost half of the cancer affected population receives radiation therapy. It is also administered in varying proportions according to the needs of the patient.

Almost all types of solid tumors can be treated with radiation therapy, including cancers of the brain, breast, lung, pancreas, prostate, skin, spine, stomach, etc. The therapy can also be used to treat leukemia and lymphoma which are the cancers of the blood-forming cells and lymphatic system, respectively.

Radiation Therapy Cancer

For some special cases of cancer unaffected areas are also treated with radiation in a way so as to prevent the spread of cancer to that particular area. This prevents carcinogenic growth in that specific area. The technique is called prophylactic radiation therapy.

To help reduce pain from cancer that has spread to the bones or other parts of the body some specific parts are subjected to radiations. This is called palliative radiation therapy.

There are different ways in which the body is subjected to radiation therapy. Mostly radiation therapy is given from an external machine which emits radiations. Processes like internal radiation therapy and systematic radiation therapy are also used.

During internal radiation therapy a small implant is made near or inside the tumor and this emits the required radiations. This process is also referred to as Brachytherapy. During the systematic radiation therapy process the radioactive materials are generally injected into the body or taken orally. Generally for radiation therapy radioactive substances such as iridium, palladium, strontium-89, radioactive iodine, etc. are used.

Radiation therapies are accompanied by many side effects. This includes baldness, hair loss near the treated area, fatigue and tiredness, darkening of the skin at the site of radiation administration.

Generally these effects disappear after a short period of time but remain prevalent until the therapy is going on. But they may persist for those who have been treated at the abdomen or the pelvis. Although they give rise to such effects radiation therapy is still considered as an important therapy for treatment of cancer.

Tumor |

Pancreatic Tumors Menu